Spausdinti

2016-01-21  Key indicators of migration in the Republic of Lithuania for the second half of 2015

The preliminary key indicators of migration in the Republic of Lithuania for the second half of 2015 were published on the website of the Migration Department under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania at www.migracija.lt. Statistical information on migration processes in the Republic of Lithuania, i.e. number of foreigners residing in the country and their legal status, issue of documents to foreigners, free movement of persons, transit of the citizens of the Russian Federation through the territory of the Republic of Lithuania, visas, residence permits, asylum, illegal migration and the citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania, is available on the website.

On 1 January 2016, there lived 41,138 foreigners including 5,471 citizens of the Member States of the European Union and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) in the Republic of Lithuania. During one year the number of foreigners residing in the Republic of Lithuania increased only by 0.3 thous. It should be noted that the number of citizens of third countries even decreased by 0.2 thous. last year. Although the overall population of the Republic of Lithuania decreased by 1.1 per cent as compared with the total population on 1 January 2015, the number of foreigners increased by 0.8 per cent during the same period. Thus, the share of foreigners living in the Republic of Lithuania among the residents of the Republic of Lithuania increased from 1.40 per cent on 1 January 2015 to 1.42 per cent on 1 January 2016.

During the second half of the last year, the number of citizens of the Member States of the European Union and the European Free Trade Association issued with the documents evidencing their right to reside in the Republic of Lithuania, grown fastest as compared with the same period in 2014, i.e. even by 25.7 per cent. Nevertheless, they made only 13.3 per cent of all foreigners residing in the Republic of Lithuania. On 1 January 2016, the foreigners issued with a long-term EC resident’s residence permit entitling to reside in the Republic of Lithuania made the greatest share of foreigners residing in the Republic of Lithuania; however, the percentage of such residents decreased from 45.1 per cent to 44.4 per cent during the year. It is to be noted that less than one tenth of the foreigners issued with a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Lithuania during the last 5 years apply for issue of a long-term resident’s permit of the Republic of Lithuania to reside in the European Community. It should be concluded that the trend observed during the recent years remained stable, i.e. only a minor portion of foreigners integrate and see their future in the Republic of Lithuania.

After in November 2014 the provisions amending the Law Amending the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens came into force and on the basis of such provisions more effective illegal migration control measures, in particular, measures aimed at combating declaration of fictitious lawful activities of foreigners in the Republic of Lithuania in acquisition or incorporation of business have been applied, the number of applications for issue and replace a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Lithuania filed by foreigners continued to decline during the second half of 2015 (6.5 per cent) as compared with the same period in 2014. In the light of the fact that as of May 2015 foreigners who are planning to further engage in lawful activities in the Republic of Lithuania are subject to new more stringent provisions of the afore-mentioned law governing replacement of a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Lithuania, the number of applications to replace a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Lithuania received from foreigners during the second half of 2015 decreased by 16.1 per cent as compared with the same period in 2014.

The number of Schengen visas issued during the second half of 2015 was 15.3 per cent lower as compared with the same period in 2014, whereas the number of national visas was 48.8 per cent higher. The number of letters of invitations to temporarily visit the Republic of Lithuania issued to foreigners by natural and legal persons of the Republic of Lithuania approved during the second half of 2015 decreased by 15.4 per cent as compared with the second half of 2014.

The transit of citizens of the Russian Federation through the territory of the Republic of Lithuania during the second half of 2015 also declined by 2.2 per cent.

Although last year the European Union witnessed a great influx of migrants due to internal conflicts and military actions throughout the globe and infringements of fundamental human rights recorded in some foreign countries, the number of asylum-seekers in the Republic of Lithuania during the second half of 2015 decreased, i.e. the number of foreigners’ applications for asylum in the Republic of Lithuania received during six months was 38.3 per cent lower as compared with the same period in 2014. The greatest number of applications was filed by the citizens of Ukraine, Georgia and Russia. The refugee status in the Republic of Lithuania was granted to 7 aliens (during the second half of 2014 – to 4 aliens), subsidiary protection was granted to 31 foreigner (during the second half of 2014 – to 70 foreigners), decisions on refusal to grant asylum to foreigners in the Republic of Lithuania were made in respect of 54 foreigners (during the second half of 2014 – in respect of 66 foreigners). In December 2015, 4 citizens of Iran were transferred from the Republic of Greece to the Republic of Lithuania in performance of the obligations assumed by the Republic of Lithuania to the European Union due to solidary burden-sharing and they were granted subsidiary protection. Furthermore, during the second half of 2015 the Republic of Lithuania accepted 85 citizens of the Republic of Lithuania, persons of the Lithuanian nationality and their family members from Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts in Ukraine, Sevastopol City and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

During the second half of 2015, the number of foreigners who were refused admission into the Republic of Lithuania increased (11.2 per cent), the number of foreigners who unlawfully entered the territory of the Republic of Lithuania and were temporarily accommodated in the Foreigners’ Registration Centre decreased as compared with the same period in 2014 (21.4 per cent). A lower number of foreigners were returned to foreign states (29.7 per cent), but the number of foreigners expelled from the Republic of Lithuania increased (31.9 per cent).

During the second half of the last year the number of persons taking advantage of the possibilities provided by the Republic of Lithuania Law on Citizenship and granted citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania, in particular, by way of restoration, decreased: 648 persons, i.e. 19.5 per cent less than during the respective period in 2014, acquired the citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania. 320 persons, i.e. 22.7 per cent less as compared with the second half of 2014, were deprived of their citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania.

The key indicators of migration in the Republic of Lithuania were prepared by the Migration Department under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania on the basis of the data available in the Register of Aliens and the Population Register and in cooperation with Statistics Lithuania, the State Border Guard Service under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania and Consular Department under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.

Atgal